HIV/ AIDS- SYMPTOMS & TREATMENT
AIDS was first reported in the United States in 1981 and has since become a major worldwide epidemic. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By killing or damaging cells of the body's immune system, HIV progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers AIDS, the acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome (sometimes called slim disease) is a newly described, usually fatal illness caused by a retrovirus known as the human immuno -deficiency disease virus (HIV) which break downs the human body's immune system leaving the victim vulnerable to a host of life threatening opportunistic infections, neurological disorders, or unusual malignancies.
WHAT IS HIV / AIDS?
As mentioned above, when that HUMAN IMMUNO-DEFECIENCY VIRUS (HIV)enters the human body, it destroys the natural immune system in his body and makes him a prey to a number of diseases.
HIV does not directly kill man. It makes his body so weak that he will become susceptible to any diseases- cancer, T.B, Pneumonia, anything.
WHAT DOES REALLY HAPPEN?
White Blood Corpuscles (WBC) carry out the function of the immune system in our body. When any disease germs enter the body, WBC attack and try to destroy those germs. AIDS germs are very powerful. When they enter the human body, they attack and make the WBC impotent. The result is when any disease germs enter that body, there is no defence system in that body with the result that the person concerned will succumb to that disease.
HOW HIV / AIDS SPREAD?
A person who is HIV-infected carries the virus in certain body fluids, including blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk. The virus can be transmitted only if such HIV-infected fluids enter the bloodstream of another person. This kind of direct entry can occur (1) through the linings of the vagina, rectum, mouth, and the opening at the tip of the penis; (2) through intravenous injection with a syringe; or (3) through a break in the skin, such as a cut or sore. Usually, HIV is transmitted through:
Symptoms of AIDS
Diagnosis of AIDS / HIV Infection:-
Where does the HIV / AIDS germ live in the human body?
The germ live in the following fluids of the body:-
Prevention and Control on HIV / AIDS
HIV / AIDS is not transmitted by:-
Treatment of HIV / AIDS
At present there is no vaccine or cure for treatment of HIV / AIDS infection. There is no definite cure for AIDS in any system of medicine in the world so far. However several researchers are working on drugs to interfere with HIV's production cycle at one stage or the other.
Only now some drugs are coming into market but it is a pity they are beyond the reach of the common man.Antiviral chemotherapy with the chemical compound zidovudine ( AZT ) while not a cure has proved to be useful in prolonging the life of severely ill patients. The AZT however, neither restores the immune system not does it destroy the HIV virus already installed in cells.
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