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Migraine Headache :- Symptom, Cause, Complication, Relief, Home Treatment, Cure and Home Treatment of Migraine Headache

Migraine is a kind of headache that is very frequent. It is.a common disease belonging to the nervous system. A headache characterized by throbbing head pain, often greater on one side; may be preceded by a warning (aura) and accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound; in rare cases, weakness, language problems, or other neurologic disorders are associated with migraine

As per an estimate, 5% of the people suffer from Migraine.

More women than men get this headache. There is every chance of inheritance from ancestors. .

The symptoms vary from person to person.

Migraine needs no introduction throbbing one-sided headache during an attack. Only a migraine sufferer knows the severity of the affliction. When it strikes it stops work, thought and every other activity of the sufferer. Migraine is of two types:

•  The Common Migraine and

•  The classic Migraine.

The classical migraine attack can easily by distinguished from the other by the chain of reactions that characterize it. The troublesome syndrome is preceded by an 'aura' which serves as a warning of the headache to follow.

The 'aura' may take the form of an uncommon feeling of well­ being which alerts the person to expect" an attack. The initial symptoms of migraine are usually blurring of the vision which may reach its peak in 15 to 30 minutes and then fade. Normally will return in about an hour. Then starts the typical one-sided headache, throbbing in nature, accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The severity of pain ranges from a dull, persistant ache to an unbearable thumping and pounding pain. The pain is triggered off, most of the time, by intense light and high frequency sound.

Common or simple migraine occurs more frequently than the classical one,' it has no aura or any early indications of the impending attack. But all the signs of typical migrainous attack may manifest.

If headache alone is the feature of Common Migraine, the Classic Migraine, apart from headache, has the following symptoms too:

Migraine Symptoms

Migraine casts its shadow even before its visit. This feeling of ensuing Migraine is experienced immediately after getting up from sleep.

Brilliant dots of light or zigzag line will manifest before eyes as a premonition.

In a few minutes of this symptom, a part of face or a hand or leg becomes numb, pain.

Dizziness and confusion follow. There may be difficulty in speaking

I n a few minutes ,these symptoms spread from one part of the body another

And within a short time, these symptoms vanish and the real headache sets in, as if your head is being hammered.

This pain will be on the other side of the head where you had previously experienced, numbness and pinpricking pains.

For example, if numbness is on the left side, Migraine headache will be on the right side.

Sometimes it may be too intense that you cannot withstand.

There can be vomiting sensations, and vomits in children.

In children there may be pain in the abdomen, whether headache is there or not. This state that children is called Abdominal Migraine.

How long will it last?

Migraine headache may last for a few hours to a few days.

They can attack twice or thrice a week, or even less number of times. Women suffer from Migraine headaches during the days of period.

Cause of Migraine Headache

Early symptoms are due to the sudden contraction of the nerves on one side of the head. When they all expand, more blood flows and the headache begins.

But, why this sudden contraction or expansion, is left unanswered.

Migraine headache attack people who toil hard. Overwork and mental stress create Migraine. But, what is strange is that they suffer from Migraine after the workload is removed or at the end of the week during off-days.

In women contraceptive pills may stimulate Migraine and it will vanish when they conceive.

There is a chance of getting Migraine when brilliant light falls on the eyes; when alcohol is consumed; or when certain types of food are eaten.

Migraine Complication

The only complication is that the patient expel distressing pain during the time of attack. On other days just be a normal person.

Suggestions to those suffering from Migraine

Maintain a diary, not for a few days, but, for quite some months. Note down when it attacks - in the morning or when you go to bed or afternoon when you did not have your breakfast, or after eating certain food, or after taking

certain drinks, whether you are mentally or physically under stress on those days. Then you will be able to find out the agents causing Migraine in you.

If you get the attack when you eat some chocolates, cheese, bitter fruit or alcohol, avoid them.

If you don't have your morning meal, it may cause low blood sugar and consequently you may get Migraine in the evening. So, regulate your food habits.

Contraceptives may cause Migraine. If so, see your doctor

Try to know all about the 1 drugs prescribed by your doctor. Find out if they cause drowsiness. If so, don't use your vehicle.

During the attack of Migraine, you should not drive your vehicle. There is a chance of your vision becoming blurred.

Stress increases the migraine. Try to relax if you cannot alter the reason of your stress.

Migraine may unpleaseant but not dangerous. If you are worried about its cause other than Migraine, speak to your doctor. He will try to do his best to restore your peace.

Do your exercise regularly-walking, , swimming or yoga. They will keep Migraine away

Meditation is also good.

Foods that cause Migraine

Some people get headache because of some foods:

Coffee, Tea, Cocoa etc., that contain caffeine .

Bananas, alcohol. especially, redwine '.

Artificial sweeteners .

Chocolates . Sour grapes or oranges .

Certain colouring substances used in foods . Hard cheese .

Certain nuts .

Onions . Sour curd, butter, Vinegar

All these may cause Migraine.

Migraine Relief / Home treatment

The moment it attacks retire to a dark room and close your eyes or take rest.

Can take hot water bath.

Put a soft wet cloth on your eyes.

Take one Aspirin or Paracetamol or a painkiller or Ibuprofen.

But, children below 12 shotlld not be given Aspirin. It is better to have medication under doctor's supervision.

Relax with good thoughts and happy recollections. Take slow and deep breath.

When to meet the doctor?

When the pain is very severe and attacks repeatedly, better consult a doctor. If it is diagnosed as Migraine, no need to meet him anymore.

What does the doctor do?

He will first try to decide whether it is Migraine or not. He may suggest some tests to verify whether it is due to B.P. or not.

In serious cases, he may send for blood tests and X-rays.

After all the tests, if he concludes that it is Migraine, he will prescribe some special drugs if it is serious or repeatedly attacking.

Some of them may have to be taken regularly in order to avoid the attack of Migraine.

Some may be those that have to be taken immediately after the attack.

It is important to note that you should not increase the dose prescribed by the doctor. It is because some drugs containing Ergot work well only if they are taken a few minutes after the attack. If their dose is increased, they will become the cause of your headache.

Migraine Cure

Change a little of your lifestyle if the attack is due to overwork or emotional stress. You will then be far, far away, from Migraine.

Sometimes it may be due to certain foods and drinks.

Recognise them and avoid them as far as possible.

If a woman gets Migraine while she is taking certain contraceptive pills, she should at once stop them and take some medical advice.

Some women become free from Migraine the moment they reach the stage of menopause.

If the doctor concludes that the condition is serious he may prescribe some special drugs for containment and recurrence of this state.

General Home Care

If tension is the cause of headache learn how to relax.

Measures could include taking up yoga, learning how to meditate or having a regular massage.

Prevent c.onditions at workplace from contributing headache.

Rooms should be well-ventilated. Chairs should be comfortable which give back support.

Avoid, foods and drinks like alcohol, coffee if they cause headache.

If eye strain is causing headache, have your eyes tested. .

Ensure that you have the right amount of restful sleep.

When to meet the doctor?

When the pain is very severe and attacks repeatedly, better consult a doctor. If it is diagnosed as Migraine, no need to meet him anymore.Also if you feel like below mentioned points:

If the headache persists for more than 72 hours or prevents you from doing normal activities.

If the headache feels like a sudden explosion in the head.

If you get headache when~ver you exel'yourself.

If you get recurrent or daily headaches on waking each morning.

If the headache is accompanied by stiff neck, high temperature or light sensitivity.

If the headache is caused by a head injunry

If there is severe pain on bending the head

If pain killers are being taken on a regular basis for recurrent headaches.

If there is nausea, vomiting blurred vision and severe pain a1ong with headache



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