Urinary Tract Infection ( UTI ): Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Prevention, Home Care and Home Remedies of Urinary Tract Infection ( UTI )
It is a common problem in women to have burning sensation while passing urine. The reason is that the urinary tract gets infected
The urinary tract is composed of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The kidneys filter the blood, and the waste products from the blood become urine. The ureters carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. The bladder holds the urine until the urine is expelled through the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body).
Urinary tract infections (UTIs), including bladder infections and kidney infections (pyelonephritis), are generally caused by bacteria that are normally present in the digestive system. Females get UTIs more often than males do.
Urinary Tract Infection is of 2 kinds
1. Upper urinary tract infection: Ureters (the tube connecting kidney to the urinary bladder) infection and kidney infection come under this type.
2. Lower urinary tract infection: Urethra (the tube that extends from urinary bladder to urinary passage) infection comes under this type.
In women, urethra infection is more common. It is because the urethra, the tube discharging urine, is very short. Because its length is very short, microorganisms from .its surroundings and the Anus easily get into urethra and from there to the urinary bladder and subject them to infection.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection ( UTI )
Early symptoms of a UTI may include burning or pain during urination and itching or pain in the urethra. There may also be discomfort in the lower abdomen or back and a frequent urge to urinate without being able to pass much urine. The urine may be cloudy or reddish in color and may have an unusual odour.
Chills and fever may also be present if the infection is severe, especially if it has spread to the kidneys. Men with symptoms similar to those caused by a UTI may have an infection of the prostate gland or the epididymis (the tube that transports sperm from the testicle).
Men who have enlarged prostates, women who have had multiple pregnancies, people with kidney stones or diabetes, and those who are paralyzed from the waist down may be at higher risk for chronic urinary tract infections.
Other causes of irritation to the genital area that may be associated with UTIs include having sexual intercourse, using a diaphragm for birth control, wearing tight pants, riding a bike, using perfumed soaps and powders, or even eating spicy foods.
If urinary pain or vaginal burning and redness occur in a young girl, consider the possibility of an allergy to bubble bath or soap. Urinary pain or vaginal burning may also be a
symptom of a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or sexual abuse. If you are concerned about sexual abuse of a child, call your doctor.
Some other Symptoms
Burning sensation while passing urine.
Desire to urinate frequently
Feeling of pressure on urinary bladder.
Bloodstains in the urine
Pain in the abdomen
Causes of Urinary Tract Infection ( UTI )
Infections in the vagina spread to urethra and cause it to inflame resulting in burning sensation. Often she feels to urinate frequently and the quantity of urine will be very small.
It may be because of the friction during the sex act, especially) newly married couple.
If there is irritation around the vagina or a wound is there,
And if the white is discharged, it is due to Fungal Infection.
There could bad Bacteria Infection along with Fungal Infection. The white discharge causes the inflammation of the urethral opening.
In the case of Fungal Infection, doctor should be consulted.
In such a case, he will prescribe anti-fungal vaginal tablets and also anti-fungal creams.
These creams should be applied inside the vagina with applicator.
While taking anti-fungal
Treatment, she shall not participate in the sex act. She may pass the infection to her husband and, in turn, he may pass it back to her when her disease is cured.
In the menopausal women, the vagina becomes dry due to changes in the production of hormones. There may, therefore, be irritation and/ difficulty in passing urine.
If the affected person may consult the doctor, he will
Prescribe some creams. Besides, he may try to restore the production of the hormone.
In the absence of stimulation to make the internal passage of vagina wet when she is raped, the Internal part of the vagina may become wounded causing pain while passing urine. Therefore it is not advisable to participate in sex without the stimulus making the vagina wet.
From sex diseases
If there is burning sensation and if there is a greenish yellow discharge, it is because of sexually transmitted disease.
. This kind of infection is usually Trichmonical Vaginitis.
. During the treatment they should not participate in sex.
Blood in the Urine
A blow to the kidneys, kidney stones, excessive running, or a
urinary tract infection can cause blood in the urine. Blood in the urine can be a sign of a serious illness and should always be discussed with a health professional.
Eating foods such as beets, blackberries, and foods containing red artificial food colorings can temporarily colour the urine pink or red.
Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection
To find out whether you have a UTI your doctor will test a sample of urine for pus and bacteria. You will be asked to give a "clean catch" urine sample by washing the genital area and collecting a "midstream" sample of urine in a sterile container. (This method of collecting urine helps prevent bacteria around the genital area from getting into the sample and confusing the test results.) Usually, the sample is sent to a laboratory, although some doctors' offices are equipped to do the testing.
In the urinalysis test, the urine is examined for white and red blood cells and bacteria. The bacteria are grown in a culture and tested against different antibiotics to see which drug best destroys the bacteria. This last step is called a sensitivity test.
Some microbes, like Chlamydia and Mycoplasma, and only be detected with special bacterial cultures. A doctor suspects one of these infections when a person has symptoms of a UTI and pus in the urine, but a standard culture fails to grow any bacteria.
When an infection does not clear up with treatment and is traced to the same strain of bacteria, the doctor will order a test that makes images of the urinary tract. One of these tests is an intravenous pyelogram (IVP), which gives x-ray images of the bladder, kidneys, and ureters. An opaque dye visible on x-ray film is injected into a vein, ad a series of x-rays are taken. The film shows an outline of the urinary tract, revealing even small changes in the structure of the tract.
If you have recurrent infections, your doctor also may recommend an ultrasound exam, which gives pictures from the echo patterns of soundwaves bounced back from internal organs. Another useful test is cystoscopy. A cystoscope is an instrument made of a hollow tube with several lenses and a light source, which allows the doctor to see inside the bladder from the urethra.
Prevention of Urinary Tract Infection ( UTI )
Drink plenty of fluids; water is best. Aim for at least 8 glasses (2 L) per day.
Females should wipe from front to back after going to the toilet. This will reduce the spread of bacteria from the anus to the urethra. Teach young girls this habit during toilet training.
Avoid douching and bubble baths, and don't use vaginal deodorants or perfumed feminine hygiene products.
Wash the genital area once a day with plain water or mild soap and water. Rinse well and dry the area thoroughly.
Drink extra water before sexual intercourse and urinate promptly afterwards. This is especially important if you tend to get UTls.
Wear cotton underwear, cotton lined pantyhose, and loose clothing.Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and carbonated beverages, which can irritate the bladder.
Drinking cranberry and blueberry juice may protect against UTIs, especially in females.
Home Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection ( UTI )
Start home treatment at the first sign of genital irritation or painful urination. A day or so of self-care may eliminate minor symptoms. However, if your symptoms last longer than 1 day or worsen despite home treatment, call your doctor. Because the organs of the urinary tract are connected, untreated UTls can spread, which may lead to kidney infections and other serious problems.
Drink extra fluids (think in terms of litres) as soon as you notice symptoms and for the next 24 hours. This will help dilute the urine, flush bacteria out of the bladder, and decrease irritation.
Urinate frequently and follow the other tips outlined in Prevention.
Check your temperature twice daily. Fever may indicate a more serious infection.
A hot bath may help relieve pain. Avoid using bubble bath and harsh soaps. Apply a heating pad over your genital area to help relieve the pain. Never go to sleep with a heating pad in place.
Avoid sexual intercourse until symptoms improve. Do not use a diaphragm. It may put pressure on your urethra and slow down or prevent complete emptying of the bladder.
Drink cranberry juice and/ or blue berry juice.
When to Call a Health Professional
If painful urination occurs with any of the following symptoms:
0 Fever of 38.3°C (101°F) or higher and chills.
Inability to urinate when you feel the urge.
Pain in the back, side, groin, or genital area.
Blood or pus in the urine. Unusual vaginal discharge.
Nausea and vomiting.
If symptoms get worse despite home treatment.
If symptoms do not improve after 24 hours of home treatment.
If you are pregnant or have diabetes and you have symptoms of a urinary tract infection.
If you suspect that your child has a urinary tract infection or has been sexually abused.
Suggestions to control Urinary Tract Infection ( UTI )
Pass urine completely until the bladder is emptied. Otherwise, bacteria will settle there.
Drink plenty of water.
The bacteria will be flushed out.
If the urine is of light-yellow colour, it means the water being drunk is enough. If it is dark yellow, drink more water:
Use only a moisturizing soap to clean the vagina.
Use only cotton panties.
While cleaning the anus, women usually move their hand from back to the front. This is not correct.
If you move the hand from back to front, the stool may get' stuck to the vagina leading to infections. This is because of the nearness of vagina to the anus.
The best method of cleaning is: draw your hand from front to the back. It may be a bit uncomfortable, but you must practice it
Pass urine after the sex act. Urine will Wash any Bacteria passing from the male partner. But, urination should not be done immediately after the sex act. You must give some time. Otherwise, urine will not be completely passed out.
If you are using diaphragm as a anti-conceiving process, check it. If it is not properly fixed, there is chance of bacteria
If there is burning sensation while passing urine for more than 2 days and if there are bloodstains in the urine along with fever, consult your doctor at once. Don't Use antibiotics yourself.
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