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Yeast Infection ( Vaginal ) : Sign & Symptom, Cause, Diagnosis, Treatment/ Cure, Home Remedy/ Relief and Home Treatment of Yeast Infection ( Vaginal )
A yeast infection is an excess growth of yeast organisms in the vagina due to an imbalanced among the normal vagina microorganisms. Yeast infections are common in women of childbearing age. They can cause severe discomfort but rarely cause serious problem.
Vaginal yeast infection or vulvovaginal candidiasis is a common cause of vaginal irritation. Doctors estimate that approximately 75 percent of all women will experience at least one symptomatic yeast infection during their lifetimes. Yeast are always present in the vagina in small numbers, and symptoms only appear with overgrowth. Several factors are associated with increased symptomatic infection in women, including pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, and the use of oral contraceptives or antibiotics. Other factors that may increase the incidence of yeast infection include using douches, perfumed feminine hygiene sprays, and topical antimicrobial agents, and wearing tight, poorly ventilated clothing and underwear. Whether or not yeast can be transmitted sexually is unknown. Because almost all women have the organism in the vagina, it has been difficult for researchers to study this aspect of the natural history.
Yeast Infection Sign and Symptom ( Vaginal )
Abnormal vaginal discharge. It ranges from a slightly watery, white discharge to a thick, white, chunky discharge (like cottage cheese)
Vaginal and labial itching, burning
Redness and/or inflammation of the vulvar skin
Pain with intercourse
Burning of the vagina
Burning when urinating
Discomfort during or after sexual intercourse
Odor (not unpleasant)
Irritation of the vagina
Itching and burning of the female genitals (vulva)
Itching of the vagina
Cause of Yeast Infection ( Vaginal )
When new yeast is introduced into the vaginal area, or when there is an increase in the quantity of yeast present in the vagina relative to the quantity of bacteria (such as when bacteria are eradicated by antibiotics for a respiratory infection), the yeast can invade and cause irritation of the lining of the vagina (vaginitis).
Yeast vaginitis can also occur as a result of injury to the inner vagina, such as after chemotherapy. Finally, women with suppressed immune systems (for example those taking cortisone-related medications such as prednisone) develop yeast vaginitis more frequently than women with normal immunity. Yeast vaginitis also occurs more frequently in women with diabetes mellitus.
Diagnosis of Yeast Infection( Vaginal )
For healthy people, most physicians can diagnose a candidal infection without laboratory tests. Occasionally, if the infection won't go away or involves the entire body, more extensive tests may need to be performed.
The only definitive way to diagnose a vaginal yeast infection is to complete a full gynecologic exam.
This exam includes a speculum exam, using a specialized instrument to hold open your vagina. The exam can be uncomfortable because of pressure against the tissues. The doctor will take a swab of the discharge and may obtain other cultures to rule out other diseases. The swab for yeast will be mixed with a drop of potassium hydroxide and will be placed on a slide. If yeast are present, a specific branching pattern will be seen through the microscope.
The doctor then may insert 2 fingers into your vagina and gently press on your uterus, ovaries, and surrounding areas to check for any tenderness or other problems. The doctor also may take blood and urine specimens after this exam. You should not douche or have sexual intercourse 1-2 days before the exam, because doing so may make the diagnosis more difficult.
In healthy children and adults, a quick exam in the mouth or of the skin usually confirms the diagnosis of candidiasis. If there is any confusion about the diagnosis, the doctor may obtain a small scraping of the area, which will be placed on a slide with potassium hydroxide and examined for a branching pattern consistent with yeast.
In people with weakened immune systems, oral, vaginal, and skin candidal infections usually can be diagnosed by sight. When you become sick, the doctor may perform more invasive tests to confirm the diagnosis. Specimen collection may be necessary to check for Candida in the blood and urinary tracts. People with catheters may have their catheters changed and the catheter tips sent for culture. If a CT scan or MRI indicates candidiasis of the brain, doctors may take a biopsy to distinguish between Candida and other diseases. Usually doctors give IV antibiotics for serious systemic infections.
Yeast Infection Treatment / Cure ( Vaginal )
Various antifungal vaginal medications are available to treat yeast infection. Women can buy some antifungal creams, tablets, or suppositories over the counter for use in the vagina. But because BV, trichomoniasis, and yeast infection are difficult to distinguish on the basis of symptoms alone, a woman with vaginal symptoms should see her physician for an accurate diagnosis before using these products.
Other products available over the counter contain antihistamines or topical anesthetics that only mask the symptoms and do not treat the underlying problem. Women who have chronic or recurring yeast infections may need to be treated with vaginal creams for extended periods of time. Recently, effective oral medications have become available. Women should work with their physicians to determine possible underlying causes of their chronic yeast infections. HIV-infected women may have severe yeast infections that are often unresponsive to treatment.
How to Prevent Yeast Infection ( Vaginal )
After using the toilet, always wipe from front to back
Avoid sharing towels and washcloths
Wash your under garments in hot water and skip the fabric softener in the dryer
Avoid clothing that is tight in the crotch
Always change out of your exercise clothes or swimsuit immediately after working out or swimming
Change your sanitary pads or tampons frequently and avoid using ones that are scented
Avoid using heavily scented soaps, perfumes and talcum powder
Use antibiotics only when necessary
Always use a water soluble lubricating jell during sex
Consider using a condom if you are having sex and have a yeast infection
Make sure you vagina is well lubricated during sex; avoid sex if it feels painful
How to Avoid Yeast Infection ( Vaginal )Wear loose, natural-fiber clothing and underwear with a cotton crotch.
Limit wearing of panty hose, tights, leggings, nylon underwear, and tight jeans.
Don't use deodorant tampons and feminine deodorant sprays, especially if you feel an infection beginning.
Dry off quickly and thoroughly after bathing and swimming--don't stay in a wet swimsuit for hours.
It's better not to have sex in your teens, but if you're sexually active, always use a latex condom.
Home Remedy/ Relief for Yeast Infection
Regularly daubing apple cider vinegar in the areas prone to this infection. Your can add some garlic to stop the itchy feeling; and water to dilute the vinegar concentration
Yogurt is regarded as one of the best home remedies. Basically, the healthy required bacteria from the curds will replace the unhealthy yeast bacteria. This could be repeated twice to thrice a day.
Drink at least two glasses of buttermilk a-day , whether infected or not. In fact making curds a part of the daily diet in take reduces the probability of yeast infection.
Mixture of olive leaf extract with grapefruit seed extraction a glass of water is a good curative tonic for this infection
Home Treatment of Yeast Infection
Left untreated, vaginal yeast infections often clear up on their own, usually when menstruation begins. Be sure your symptoms indicate a yeast infection before trying self-treatment.
Use an over-the-counter antifungal medication for yeast infections, as directed.
Drink acidophilus milk or eat yogurt with live Lactobacillus cultures regularly.
Avoid excessive cleaning of the vaginal area. Wash once a day with plain water or a mild, non-perfumed soap.
Consider using condoms while being treated to avoid (possibly) being reinfected by or infecting your sexual partner. If intercourse is painful, use a water-soluble lubricant to reduce irritation.
When to Call a Doctor
If you have pelvic or lower abdominal pain, fever, and unusual vaginal discharge.
If you think you have a yeast infection for the first time, or if you aren't sure whether your symptoms are due to a yeast infection.
If home treatment with an over the-counter product fails to clear up a yeast infection within three or four days, or if you are using antifungal creams repeatedly.
If you have pain with intercourse and it is not eased by use of a vaginal lubricant.
If any unusual discharge lasts more than two weeks.
If you plan to see a health professional, do not douche, use vaginal creams, or have intercourse for 48 hours before your appointment, because they may make the diagnosis difficult.
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