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Snoring Stop : Cause, Diagnosis, Treatment,Surgery Prevention, Cure, Remedy of Snoring
Snoring is noisy breathing through the mouth and nose during sleep. It can occur when you are breathing in or out.
Forty-five percent of normal adults snore at least occasionally, and 25 percent are habitual snorers. Problem snoring is more frequent in males and overweight persons, and it usually grows worse with age.
Snoring occurs when air does not flow smoothly through the air passages, or when the soft tissues or muscles in your air passages vibrate. As you fall into a deep sleep, the muscles in your tongue, throat and roof of your mouth (soft palate) relax. This muscle relaxation causes your throat tissues to sag. As you breathe, the sagging tissues narrow your airway and vibrate or flutter, creating the sound of snoring. The narrower your airway becomes, the greater the vibration...and the louder your snoring.
More than 300 devices are registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office as cures for snoring. Some are variations on the old idea of sewing a sock that holds a tennis ball on the pajama back to force the snorer to sleep on his side. (Snoring is often worse when a person sleeps on his back). Some devices reposition the lower jaw forward; some open nasal air passages; a few others have been designed to condition a person not to snore by producing unpleasant stimuli when snoring occurs. But, if you snore, the truth is that it is not under your control whatsoever. If anti-snoring devices work, it is probably because they keep you awake.
Cause SnoringThere are many reasons why people snore. Here are some of the most common:
Seasonal allergies can make some people's noses stuffy and cause them to snore.
Blocked nasal passages or airways (due to a cold or sinus infection) can cause a rattling snore.
A deviatedseptum (say: dee-vee-ate-ed sep-tum), which is the tissue and cartilage that separates the two nostrils in your nose, may be crooked. Some people with a very deviated septum have surgery to straighten it out. This also helps them breathe better - not just stop snoring.
Enlarged or swollen tonsils or adenoids may cause a person to snore. Tonsils and adenoids (adenoids are glands located inside of your head, near the inner parts of your nasal passages) help trap harmful bacteria, but they can become very big and swollen all of the time. Many kids who snore have this problem.
Drinking alcohol can relax the tongue and throat muscles too much, which partially blocks air movement as someone is breathing and can contribute to snoring noises.
Being overweight can cause narrowing of the air passages. Many people who are very overweight snore.
Snoring is also one symptom of a serious sleep disorder known as sleep apnea. When a person has sleep apnea, his or her breathing is irregular during sleep. Typically, a person with sleep apnea will actually stop breathing for short amounts of time 30 to 300 times a night! It can be a big problem if the person doesn't get enough oxygen.
People with this disorder often wake up with bad headaches and feel exhausted all day long. They may be very drowsy and have difficulty staying awake while having a conversation or even while driving. Kids affected by sleep apnea may be irritable and have difficulty concentrating, particularly in school and with homework.
If you suspect that you snore, and you want to find out how to stop snoring, or you want to check for underlying health conditions, see an ear, nose, and throat doctor (ENT or otolaryngologist). The otolaryngologist will examine your throat, nose, mouth, palate, and neck. In addition, a physician may enroll you in a test at a sleep clinic, where someone can observe your sleep patterns and diagnose your snoring problem.
You will want to find out why you are snoring. Is it allergies or a cold or sinus infection? Is it behaviors before bedtime or during the day? Is it the position you sleep in? Your physician will ask you many questions about your snoring to be able to diagnose the reason for the snoring. The treatment for snoring depends upon the cause of your snoring.
Snoring Treatment / Surgery
When lifestyle changes don't eliminate snoring, your doctor may suggest:
Traditional surgery . You're given general anesthesia while your surgeon tightens and trims excess tissues - a type of face-lift for your throat. The procedure reduces the intensity of snoring most of the time. It's a painful procedure and requires one to three days' hospitalization and about a two-week recovery.
Laser surgery. In an outpatient surgery for snoring called laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty (LAUP), your doctor uses a small hand-held laser beam to shorten the soft palate and remove the uvula. Removing excess tissue enlarges your airway and reduces vibration. Treatments are based on the severity of your snoring. You may need two to five sessions, each lasting about 30 minutes. These treatments occur four to six weeks apart. Laser surgery isn't advised for occasional or light snoring, but it's an option if your snoring is loud and disruptive. Laser surgery isn't recommended for sleep apnea.
Radiofrequency tissue volume reduction (somnoplasty ). In this type of surgery, doctors use a low-intensity radiofrequency signal to remove part of the soft palate to reduce snoring. It's an outpatient procedure performed using local anesthesia. The technique causes slight scarring of the soft palate, which may help to reduce snoring. The effectiveness of this newer procedure needs further study.
Dental devices and nasal strips . Dental devices are form-fitting mouthpieces that help advance the position of your tongue and soft palate to keep your air passage open. Nasal strips help many people increase the area of their nasal passage, enhancing their breathing.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). This approach involves wearing a pressurized mask over your nose while you sleep. The mask is attached to a small pump that forces air through your airway to keep it from collapsing. CPAP (SEE-pap) eliminates snoring and prevents sleep apnea. Although CPAP is the preferred method of treating sleep apnea, many people find it cumbersome and uncomfortable.
Cure / Prevention Snoring
If you want to stop snoring, you may be able to help yourself with a few simple home cures. Snoring that isn't related to sleep apnea responds well to home remedies. Finding a solution to your snoring problem can result in an improved quality of life for you and your loved ones. Try some of the behavioral, mechanical, and medicinal tips below to prevent or alleviate your snoring.
Lose weight . Many snorers are overweight. Losing weight will reduce the fatty tissue in your airway. Eating less and improving your fitness level can significantly improve your ability to breathe freely when you sleep.
Sleep on your side . Snoring is exacerbated when you sleep flat on your back because the flesh of the throat relaxes and can block the airway. Sleeping on your side can help to alleviate this problem. Special pillows can prevent sleeping on your back. Or you can try the tennis ball trick: sleep with a tennis ball or another similar object in a pocket sewn into the back of your pajama top. (A sock serves as a handy pocket for the tennis ball.) The tennis ball is uncomfortable if you lie on your back, and you will respond by turning on your side during sleep. Changing your sleep position may stop snoring if you are a mild snorer, but severe snorers usually snore in any position.
Sleep without a pillow . Pillows can block your airway by bending your neck.
Elevate the head of your bed four inches. Elevation of the head of your bed may make breathing easier and encourage your tongue and jaw to move forward. Elevating the entire head of the bed is better than using a pillow, which can crimp the neck and contribute to snoring.
Eliminate smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke. Smoking relaxes muscles and also creates nasal and lung congestion. Smoking thus contributes to snoring. Stopping smoking can help with the noise and intensity of your snoring. Exposure to secondhand smoke can cause the same snoring problems as smoking does.
Avoid eating food or drinking alcohol before bed. These both relax your muscles and therefore increase the likelihood of snoring.
Avoid high-fat dairy milk products or soy milk products before sleeping. Non-skim milk products and soy milk products, because of their thickness, can keep mucus from draining properly. The result is mucus retained in the throat, which can lead to snoring.
Avoid antihistamines for allergies or stuffiness. They relax the throat muscles,which can cause snoring.
Try nasal decongestants to clear your nose passages. Nasal decongestants can help people who can breathe through their noses while sleeping. Nose breathing circumvents the snoring sound from breathing through a blocked throat.
Avoid sleeping pills or other sedatives. You may take sleeping pills or tranquilizers to help you sleep, but sedatives also relax your neck muscles, which contributes to snoring.
Losing weight. Many people who snore are overweight. Weight loss can help reduce the narrowing of the airway and possibly reduce or eliminate snoring.
Limiting the use of alcohol and medications. Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol or taking certain medications, especially sleeping pills or tranquilizers, before sleep may worsen snoring.
Going to bed at the same time each night and getting plenty of sleep. Snoring may be more frequent when you have not had enough sleep.
Sleeping on your side. Sleeping on your side may eliminate snoring. Try sewing a pocket in the middle of the back of your pajama top, putting a tennis ball into the pocket, and stitching it closed. This will help keep you from sleeping on your back.
Promptly treating breathing problems. Breathing problems caused by colds or allergies can disturb airflow, leading to snoring.
CALL THE DOCTOR NOW
You may not be aware that you snore, but your bed partner likely is. Seeing your doctor about your snoring can benefit both of you.
For you, snoring may indicate another health concern, such as sleep apnea, nasal obstruction or obesity. For your partner, your seeking medical advice about your snoring may result in being able to get a restful night of sleep.
If your child snores, ask your pediatrician about the problem. Nose and throat problems and obesity often underlie habitual snoring in children. Treating these conditions could help your child sleep better at night.
Using nasal strips. Nasal strips, such as Breathe Right, widen the nostrils and improve airflow.
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